Fast changing sound environment creates re-structured musical experiences from various historical, social and ethnic backgrounds, which are influencing one of the most significant cultural identity markers: the auditive self-positioning in space and time including related dynamic movements. Due to new mobility dimensions this kind of self-positioning becomes even more important than the real local placement of individuals. It represents distinctiveness, inclusion and exclusion of soundscapes and movement patterns in a multilayered relationship among different group.
Thus the ethnic background as a main sound experience reference might be replaced by environmental identities, which do not necessarily support a reconstruction of ethnic awareness. Another central question might be which kind of cultural knowledge represented in music and dance embedded in traditional or conservative soundscape will become obsolete and how can we preserve this knowledge without negative polemics against actual technical developments. Further questions concern the enhancement of flexible research methods for sound environmental categories and corresponding music and dance experiences. The fifth volume of our UPM book series on music research deals with the many aspects of music and dance in and as environment. The title expresses in a formula the dual existence as being part of and being part within a whole that determines features and functions of music and dance throughout their history.