Haemorrhagic speticaemia is a disease affecting buffaloes and cattle that occurs mostly in Asia, particularly in the Southeast Asia. It is quite prevalent in Africa, Middle East and occasionally in southern Europe. in Asia, the disease has been reported in Malaysia, Thailand the Philippines, Indonesia, Vietnam, Laos, Cambodia, Myanmar, India, Sri Lanka and Pakistan. It occurs mostly as outbreaks during periods of environmental stress. It is a long-held belief that hemorrhagic septicaemia occurs during the monsoon season and during paddy planting period when buffaloes are in very stressful situations. The disease affects mainly cattle and buffaloes, but the latter are known to be more susceptible to the disease than cattle, killing an average of 360 heads of cattle and buffaloes a year in Malaysia, approximately 1,000 heads in the Philippines, Myanmar and Cambodia, 600 heads in India and 285 heads in Sri Lanka. There is no doubt that outbreak of hemorrhagic septicaemia lead to a devastating effect to livestock industry.
M. Zamri Saad