Strategic Roadmapping is an outstanding strategic planning tool for a company’s top-level management team to co-ordinate strategy, market, product, innovation, capability and resource. It incorporates the core concepts of strategic charting, visualization, technology road-mapping and resource-based view into practice. It is very useful tool, not oly for strategic planning, but for market, product, and technology planning.
This book provides explanation and details the use of strategic roadmapping. It consists of an illustration of how to develop a strategic roadmap. The background and the underlying concept of strategic roadmapping are explained. The application examples from live industrial settings are provided. In addition, related research works that explore the theoretical foundation and practicality of strategic roadmapping are also included. It not just an academic textbook but it is essentially a working document that provides useful guidelines to assist a company management team to use strategic roadmapping to perform their strategic planning tasks.
Rubber has been grown commercially in Malaysia since 1903, when the first rubber estate was established in Melaka. Since then, several usage of rubber has been discovered from time to time. Suitable planting area has decreased and to overcome this problem planting of rubber gets into marginal and problem soils. Books, describing soil genesis, management and nutritional requirement of rubber on these marginal soils are scarce.
This book is written in 10 chapters, covering various aspects of soil management and nutritional requirement with latest information on current technology available in the rubber industry. These include soil series identification, and fertilizer recommendations for sustainable rubber plantation.
Fast changing sound environment creates re-structured musical experiences from various historical, social and ethnic backgrounds, which are influencing one of the most significant cultural identity markers: the auditive self-positioning in space and time including related dynamic movements. Due to new mobility dimensions this kind of self-positioning becomes even more important than the real local placement of individuals. It represents distinctiveness, inclusion and exclusion of soundscapes and movement patterns in a multilayered relationship among different group.
Thus the ethnic background as a main sound experience reference might be replaced by environmental identities, which do not necessarily support a reconstruction of ethnic awareness. Another central question might be which kind of cultural knowledge represented in music and dance embedded in traditional or conservative soundscape will become obsolete and how can we preserve this knowledge without negative polemics against actual technical developments. Further questions concern the enhancement of flexible research methods for sound environmental categories and corresponding music and dance experiences. The fifth volume of our UPM book series on music research deals with the many aspects of music and dance in and as environment. The title expresses in a formula the dual existence as being part of and being part within a whole that determines features and functions of music and dance throughout their history.
In Malaysia, palm oil production is a lucrative industry that contributes to the generation of national income and jobs to the nation. The perennial palms produce fruit bunches continuously throughout the year and are planted at a large scale in the country. Similar to other crops, oil palm planting suffers from damage by pests, with rodents being most serious. Even though biological control has been practiced, most plantations still reply on the use of rodenticide to combat rodent pests. Undeniably, chemical control often provides an immediate result in the elimination or reduction of pest numbers. Although it also leads to other environmental problems including secondary poisoning of non-target animals and physiological resistance of target animals.
This book explored the interactions among the biotic communities (namely rodents and their predators), food resources and habitat structure in oil palm plantations which are often overlooked in the management of such agroecosystem. The relationships among these elements that have been empirically examined in the field suggested that an integrated and adaptive approach should be employed with the incorporation of ecological knowledge into rodent pest management in the plantations.